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Lietuvos tūkstantmečio programos kilnojama paroda „Lietuva: kultūra ir istorija“ / Exhibition “Lithuania: Culture and History” Dedicated to Lithuania’s Millennial Anniversary Program

Virtuali paroda III dalis / Virtual Exhibition III part

Renaissance / Renesansas
Having reached Lithuania in the beginning of the 16th century, the Renaissance had a significant impact on Lithuanian literature, architecture and sculpture.
 
1. The bastion-type castle in Biržai, reconstructed from ruins in the 1980s
2. Gate of Dawn in Vilnius, part of city’s defensive fortifications, built ca 1520
3. The Alumnatas (Papal Seminary) Courtyard – one of the most beautiful examples of Renaissance architecture in Vilnius
Baroque / Barokas
In Lithuania the Baroque style flourished from the end of the 16th century until the very end of the 18th century. It was during this period that the majority of the artworks and structures significant in a European context were created.
 
1. Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Camaldolese cloister in Pažaislis. Architects I. Affaitatti, G. B. Frediani, second half of the 17th century
2. The interior of St Casimir’s Chapel in Vilnius Cathedral. Architect C. Tencalla, altar – P. Perti, 17th century
3. The gate of the Church of the Holy Trinity and Basilian monastery in Vilnius. Architect J. C. Glaubitz, 1761
4. The interior of St Peter and St Paul Church in Vilnius. Artists P. Perti, G. M. Galli, second half of the 17th century
5. The Jesuit Church of St Casimir in Vilnius. Architect G. M. Bernardoni, early 17th century, reconstructed in the 19th century
Klasicizmas / Classicism
Having started in Lithuania in the 1760s, Classicism was the reigning art style until the mid-19th century.
 
1. Vilnius Cathedral is the main Roman Catholic Cathedral of Lithuania. Its last reconstruction took place at the end of the 18th century according to the design of L. Gucevičius
2. Present appearance of the Town Hall of Vilnius. Architect L. Gucevičius, late 18th century
3. Zabiela Palace in Paežeriai. Architect M. Knackfus, late 18th century

Treasury of Vilnius Cathedral / Vilniaus katedros lobynas

The remaining contents of the Treasury – valuable articles which miraculously managed to survive the country’s turbulent history – are of historical significance for the Lithuanian state, the Catholic Church, famous personalities and masters as well as all of Lithuanian society.
 
1. St Stanislaus Reliquary. Lithuania, or Central Europe, late 14th–15th century. Foot – early 15th century
2. Great Monstrance (150 cm in height). Lithuania, Vilnius, 1535
3. Chalice. Germany, Augsburg, before 1683
4. Leaders of the Lithuanian Church and State view the Treasury’s valuable items of the goldsmith’s masterwork, 1999
5. Chalice. Poland, Gdańsk, second half of the 15th century

Miraculous Paintings / Nuostabi sakralinė tapyba

In the 17th and 18th centuries, many holy places of worship came into being. These locations were found throughout the entire country. Among the most important relics marking these places are the miraculous paintings.
 
1. Lithuania’s only saint, a prince of the Jagiellon dynasty, and the patron saint of the country – St Casimir. Lithuania, ca 1520
2. Sapiega Madona. Lithuania, late 15th-early 16th century
3. Madonna of Šiluva. Lithuania, 17th century

Lithuanian Cross Crafting / Lietuvių liaudies meistrų sukurti kryžiai

Folk sculptures depicting Jesus Christ and the Blessed Mother Mary, roadside crosses and shrine-type poles are a unique manifestation of Lithuanian culture. In 2001, Lithuanian cross crafting was inscribed into the UNESCO list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
 
1. The Hill of Crosses, northern Lithuania. During the Soviet occupation, authorities worked hard to remove the crosses and bulldozed the site at least three times. Today the Hill has around 55,000 crosses
2. Samogitian shrine-type poles. M. K. Čiurlionis, 1909
3. Cross depicting the Last Supper. V. Svirskis, 1891
Rebirth of Art / Lietuvių dailės atgimimas
 
From the late 19th to the early 20th century, Lithuanian art, and the Lithuanian nation as a whole, underwent a national revival. The first art exhibitions were prepared and the Lithuanian Art Association was formed.
 
1. During the whole night. A. Žmuidzinavičius, 1906
2. Rex. M. K. Čiurlionis, 1909
3. The beginning of spring. P. Kalpokas, 1907
Vilnius Old Town / Vilnius – senas miestas
 
Vilnius boasts a number of impressive architectural styles – Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, and Classicism. The city’s medieval layout and natural surroundings also entice visitors. It is for these reasons that Vilnius Old Town was inscribed into the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1994.
 
1. The church towers in the Vilnius Old Town

20th Century Lithuanian Art / 20 amžiaus lietuvių dailė

A distinct modernism school took hold in interwar Lithuania. Despite restraints during the Soviet occupation, pre-World War II art traditions continued. Since the restoration of independence, Lithuanian artists have actively participated in the international art arena.  
 
1. White apple-tree. A. Samuolis, 1932
2. Red ships. J. Švažas, 1965
3. Twins. A. Bosas, 1983
Lithuania’s Millennium / Lietuvos tūkstantmetis
In 2009, Lithuania shall be celebrating its millennial anniversary. The Lithuanian Art Museum is directly involved in some of the most important projects dedicated to this historic event: the restoration of the Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania and the reconstruction of the National Art Gallery.
 
1. Computer-generated image of The Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania
2. Computer-generated images of reconstructed National Art Gallery

Lithuania’s Culture and History / Lietuvos kultūra ir istorija

An informative exhibition marking 1000 years of Lithuania in history

Organizer
Lithuanian Art Museum
5 Bokšto St., LT–01126 Vilnius, Lithuania
www.ldm.lt; muziejus@ldm.lt
 
Design
Design studio “Savas takas” and Co.
4 Didžioji St., LT–01126 Vilnius, Lithuania
 
Print
“Scriptum”
50 Vytenio St., LT–03229 Vilnius, Lithuania
 
Sponsored by
Directorate for the Commemoration of the Millennium of Lithuania
 
Sources for the visual material used in the exhibition: 
  • Armémuseum (Army Museum in Stockholm)
  • Arhiv Republike Slovenije (Archives of the Republic of Slovenia)
  • Archiwum Główne Akt Dawnych w Warszawie (Central Archives of Historical Records in Warszaw)
  • Archiwum Krakowskiej Kapituły Katedralnej (Archives of the Wawel Metropolitan Chapter in Krakow)
  • Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Commencement of the Secret Central Archives in Germany)
  • Genocido aukų muziejus (Museum of Genocide Victims in Vilnius)
  • Lietuvos banko muziejus (Museum of the Bank of Lithuania)
  • Lietuvos centrinis valstybės archyvas (Lithuanian Central State Archives)
  • Lietuvos dailės muziejus (Lithuanian Art Museum)
  • Lietuvos ypatingasis archyvas (Lithuanian Special Archives)
  • Lietuvių literatūros ir tautosakos institutas (Institute of Lithuanian Literature and Folklore)
  • Lietuvos mokslų akademijos biblioteka (Library of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences)
  • Lietuvos nacionalinė Martyno Mažvydo biblioteka (Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania)
  • Lietuvos naujienų agentūra (Lithuanian News Agency)
  • Lietuvos teatro, muzikos ir kino muziejus (Lithuanian Theatre, Music and Cinema Museum)
  • Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie (National museum in Krakow)
  • Nacionalinis Mikalojaus Konstantino Čiurlionio dailės muziejus (Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis National Art Museum in Kaunas)
  • Pilių tyrimo centras „Lietuvos pilys” (Castle Research Center “Lithuanian Castles”)
  • Projektavimo ir restauravimo institutas (Institute of planning and restoration in Vilnius)
  • Raimondo Paknio leidykla (Raimondas Paknys Publishing)
  • Sächsische Landesbibliothek – Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Dresden (Saxon State and University Library Dresden)
  • Valstybinis Vilniaus Gaono žydų muziejus (Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum)
  • Vilniaus universiteto biblioteka (Vilnius University Library)
  • Vytauto Didžiojo karo muziejus (Vytautas the Great War Museum in Kaunas)
Concept
Romualdas Budrys, Irena Vaišvilaitė
 
Consultants
Vydas Dolinskas, Mečislovas Jučas, Dalia Kuodytė
 
Coordinator
Mindaugas Šapoka
 
Photographers
Vytautas Abramauskas, Arūnas Baltėnas, Rolandas Ginaitis, Antanas Lukšėnas, Raimondas Malaiška, Raimondas Paknys, Paulius Račiūnas, Regine Richter, Artūras Užgailis
 
Texts
Mindaugas Šapoka
 
Translations
Andrew Howard Paul
 
Editor
Albina Strunga
 
Designer
Laima Prišmontaitė
 
Maps
Alfredas Bumblauskas, Laima Prišmontaitė
 
The organizers of the exhibition wish to express their sincere thanks to institutions dealing with the cultural heritage of Lithuania and other countries, as well as other private institutions for the use of their iconographic material and other illustrations.

I part / I dalis     II part / II dalis

 

 
 
 
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